More Jacobite Women

There is information available about a number of female Jacobites. Several of these women have been featured in previous blog posts. Here are a couple more, with details about what each of them did to support the Jacobite cause.

Isabella Lumsden

Isabella came from a family of staunch Jacobites, and she was just as devoted. When a talented young artist, Robert Strange, fell in love with her, she agreed to marry him on the condition that he focus his abilities on producing works in support of the Jacobites. Robert, who had not been political before, produced pro-Jacobite engravings and fans, with one design depicting Prince Charles among Ancient Greek heroes. Isabella herself would then sell these fans to other Jacobite women.

Robert fought with the Jacobites, before being forced into hiding where he stayed in the attic at Isabella’s family home. After a few months, Government troops turned up at the door, searching for Robert. He did not have enough time to get to the attic, so Isabella sat down at the spinning wheel, lifted up her huge hooped petticoat and got Robert to climb underneath, before covering him with her skirts. She sat singing to herself, while the troops searched the house, finding no one.

A year later the two got married, and when Robert was knighted Isabella became Lady Strange. She remained a Jacobite, long after Culloden, and whenever someone spoke of the ‘Pretender’ near her, she responded, ‘Pretender? Prince, and be damned to ye!’

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Charles Edward Stuart – By Robert Strange, Isabella’s husband

Lady Nairne

Though an old woman when Prince Charles arrived in Scotland, Lady Nairne had a lot of influence over those around her. Always a committed Jacobite, the Earl of Mar had stated during the 1715 Rising that he wished that all of his men had her spirit. In 1745, a number of her sons, grandsons, nephews and sons-in-law participated in the Rising; she was quick to send men whenever one of her sons-in-law in Perth experienced trouble with Government troops.

Her daughters were also passionate about the matter. One of them, Lady Lude, developed a reputation for cruelty. She tried to bully people to join the Jacobite force, threatening to burn their homes if they did not. There were several instances where the threat was carried out and it is believed Lady Nairne was complicit in her daughter’s methods. Eventually Lady Lude was arrested, and the Government council wanted to prosecute both her and her mother. Lady Nairne wrote a letter to her Hanoverian nephew, the Duke of Atholl, asking for help and in the end both women escaped prosecution.

A descendent of Lady Nairne’s, Carolina Oliphant (who also became Lady Nairne), became a romantic Jacobite songwriter, and her works were popular with the Victorians. Her songs include The Rowan Tree, Wha’ll be King but Charlie, The Hundered Pipers and Charlie is my darling.

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Lady Nairne (senior)

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All the best, The Culloden Team

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Cromarties Regiment

George Mackenzie the 3rd Earl of Cromartie, born in 1702, became the Earl after his father John Mackenzie died in 1731. During the Jacobite rebellion of 1745 George Mackenzie was doubtful about joining Charles Edward Stuart in his campaign to regain the British throne for a Stuart king.

Eventually George was persuaded by kinsmen and none other than the ‘old fox’, Simon Fraser the 11th Lord Lovat, to take up arms against the government for the ‘Bonnie Prince’. Lord Lovat handed George his great-great-grandfather’s sword, entitled ‘The Triumphing Sword of the Clan Mackenzie’ telling him to support his prince and be loyal to his country.

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George Mackenzie, 3rd Earl of Cromartie
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John Mackenzie, Lord Macleod

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Even though a lot of Mackenzie clansmen joined the government side during the ‘45 there were some Mackenzies who had a strong sense of being a Highlander, and felt they owed it to themselves and to Scotland to join George and his son John Mackenzie, Lord Macleod, in the fight for the British throne.

George and his son led 500 Jacobite Mackenzies, known as Cromartie’s Regiment, at the battle of Falkirk on the 16th of January 1746 after the return from Derby. The Mackenzies helped the Jacobites defeat the government troops, this victory also marked the last noteworthy Jacobite success during the ‘45.

After Falkirk, before Cromartie’s Regiment joined the bonnie prince on the way towards Culloden they laid waste to the lands of the Clan Munro and Clan Sutherland. They  burned Foulis Castle which was the seat of Clan Munro and captured Dunrobin Castle which was the seat of Clan Sutherland. Both Clan Munro and Sutherland supported the government during the ’45, and that made them an enemy of the Jacobites.

On the 15th of April 1746, a day before the Battle of Culloden the Earl of Cromartie was making preparations to travel back south to meet Charles Edward Stuart. Before they left they were attacked by the Mackay and Sutherland Highlanders who were supporting the government, in what later became known as the Battle of Littleferry. Cromartie’s Regiment was defeated; George and his son John were captured at Dunrobin castle and were not able to Join Prince Charles and the other Jacobites, and they never saw the horrors of the Battle of Culloden.

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Cromarties’ Regiment at the Battle of Littleferry

Soon after George Mackenzie and his son were captured the Earl of Cromartie’s titles were forfeited, until the title was recreated in 1861. John, the son of George Mackenzie, 3rd Earl of Cromartie, kept a diary during the Jacobite rebellion of 1745 which was taken from him during his capture. This Diary is now in the hands of Register House in Edinburgh. The Diary tells about how tough the Jacobite life could be, often being ill equipped and poorly paid and having a small amount of food.

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Earldom of Cromartie Crest

Ultimately George was tried and sentenced to death but was never executed. He received a conditional pardon, probably because his wife was heavily pregnant. Even though he was pardoned he was condemned to living in extreme poverty because all his lands and his family estates based at Castle Leod were confiscated. Many years later George died in London at the age of 63 in 1766.

His son John Mackenzie, Lord Macleod, was never brought to trial after his capture even though he confessed and pleaded guilty to high treason. John received a full pardon in 1748 on the condition “that within six months of his 21st birthday he would convey to the Crown all his rights in the Earldom”. John eventually died many years later on the 2nd April 1789 at the age of 62.

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